Audio Alignment Tips
From Audacity Development Manual
Using the Tracks Menu
- Align End to End: Aligns the selected tracks one after the other, based on their top-to-bottom order in the project window. The first selected track remains where it is, the start of the second selected track aligns with the end of the first selected track and so on.
- Align Together: If you select multiple tracks, this command moves the tracks so that they all start at the same time, so audio within them changes its synchronization.
- Start to Zero: Aligns the start of selected tracks with the start of the project.
- Start to Cursor/Selection Start: Aligns the start of selected tracks with the current cursor position or with the start of the current selection.
- Start to Selection End: Aligns the start of selected tracks with the end of the current selection.
- End to Cursor/Selection Start: Aligns the end of selected tracks with the current cursor position or with the start of the current selection.
- End to Selection End: Aligns the end of selected tracks with the end of the current selection.
|If Sync-Lock Tracks is enabled, unselected tracks in a Sync-Locked Track Group will also move so that all the tracks in that group remain synchronized, except for the Align "End to End" and "Together" commands where only the selected tracks will move. Aligning end to end or together overrides Sync-Lock Tracks if necessary, so the selected tracks in that group may become desynchronized.|
Time Shift Tool
An easy way for sighted users to align tracks with each other is to use the Time Shift Tool which is located at the top of the Audacity screen in the Tools Toolbar.
To use the Time Shift Tool, click on the button so it appears to be depressed, or press its shortcut F5. If you wish to change its shortcut to something other than F5, you can do so on the Keyboard tab of Preferences. Then zoom in with CTRL + 1 (or CMND + 1 on a Mac) so you can make a more precise alignment. Click in the track you want to move with the left button of the mouse, hold the button down while dragging the track to your required position, then release the mouse button.
Aligning tracks without a mouse - for visually impaired users
Visually impaired users can use this Time Shifter plug-in to time-shift tracks without a mouse. This is one of a number of Nyquist plug-ins available for use in Audacity and works on both mono and stereo tracks. Instructions are given in Timeshif.TXT inside the zip folder. To install new plug-ins, place them in the "Plug-Ins" folder inside the Audacity installation folder. On Windows computers, your installation folder is usually under "Program Files". On Mac, it is usually under "Applications". Time shifter will appear in the Effect Menu underneath the separator after you restart Audacity.
Marking align points
Some users find it easier to align tracks together when there is a vertical reference point extending down through all the tracks. You can make such a reference point by dragging the cursor down into the other tracks, and optionally by marking cursor positions with labels.
To drag the cursor into the other tracks, make sure you are using the Selection Tool (shortcut F1), and place your cursor at a point where you want to line up the tracks. Then hold down SHIFT on your keyboard and click in the Track Control Panels (where the mute/solo buttons are) of all your other tracks. Now you'll see the cursor displayed in all the tracks, and you can switch to the Time Shift Tool and line up all the tracks against the cursor line.
To add a label at a cursor point, use CTRL + B (or CMND + B on a Mac) instead. The label is created in a new Label Track underneath the audio tracks. When you click on the label, all tracks will be selected and the cursor will be displayed through all the tracks, just like when you selected all the tracks by clicking on their Track Control Panels. However the label provides a permanent reference point you can come back to, and because you can have multiple labels in a Label Track, there can be multiple points you can line up with.. You can use the shortcut
You could also generate a Rhythm Track before you put other tracks on screen, using thecommand. This gives you visible and audible bars in that Rhythm Track at the beat points of a chosen tempo. You could use a beat point to set a cursor position then drag the cursor into the other tracks as described above. You need to close this Rhythm Track when you export your work (by clicking on the [X] top left of the track) so that you do not export the audible clicks.
If you use the current version of Audacity, there is no visual guesswork involved in aligning tracks: you can snap to labels when you time shift a track towards them, and if you drag a selection region, the start point of the area on the time line is displayed dynamically in the Selection Toolbar as you drag.